Strategically placed at the highest point of navigation on the River Guadalquivir, Cordoba started life as an Iberian settlement. In 152 BC the Romans established Corduba Patricia as a colonia. After 27 BC the city became the capital of Baetica. Following the Romans, Cordoba was occupied by the Visigoths.
This is part of the extensive system, started by the Romans and perfected by the Arabs, that allowed the surrounding land to be irrigated and then used to grow olives, grapes and wheat that was then shipped back to Rome
This proved unpopular and a revolt against the Visigothic King Agila around 554 led to a short period of local independence that came to a sudden, and bloody, end in 572. The Arabs arrived in 711 and Cordoba soon replaced Seville as the capital of Al Andalus. It is the period between 711 and 1236 when the city was retaken by Fernando III of Castile, and the architectural remains from this period, that attract the tourist.Most make a beeline for the Mezquita, and little wonder. It is the third largest mosque ever built. Dedicated in 786, the original structure was extended and enlarged over the entire period of Arab rule, each king trying to outdo his predecessors. It is now a ‘forest’ of columns. The earliest section contains original but re-used Roman and Visigothic columns and, in the north west corner a free standing Visigothic altar. The Mezquita is unique in Spain because it not only survived the re-conquest, it was considered so magnificent that between 1523 and 1607 a Renaissance style church was built within the structure.
In May there is a competition
The church is now the repository for the ecclesiastical treasures which is worth a trip in itself. But back to the Romans.The guidebooks tell you there is little remaining from the Roman period and promptly send you to the Mezquita but if you know where to look there is enough left to give you an impression of their city. For instance, near to the Hotel Tryp Gallos at the junction of Paseo de la Victoria and Calle de Concepcion is situated what was the Roman west gate into the city. On the Paseo side is a Roman cemetery.
It is the period between 711 and 1236 when the city was retaken by Fernando III of Castile, and the architectural remains from this period, that attract the tourist
In the centre of the city itself is a temple but do not be fooled. This is a reconstruction. Only two columns are original. However the renovations are using the original foundations and floor plans.Leaving the old city through the south gate you will then cross the 250 metre long Puente Romano. It is worth stopping halfway across and looking up and down river. You will notice islands and channels that appear man made. You will also see the remains of, and in one case, a whole, huge, waterwheel. This is part of the extensive system, started by the Romans and perfected by the Arabs, that allowed the surrounding land to be irrigated and then used to grow olives, grapes and wheat that was then shipped back to Rome.The Calahorra Fort at the south end of the bridge is an Arab construction from the Almohad period that now houses an intriguing Islamic museum. For a particular view of how integrated, politically and religiously, the Arabs were with the native population, and how advanced scientifically they were then the fort is worth as much attention as the Mezquita. It is here that there is a wonderful collection of original Arabic navigational instruments including an ancient astrolabe that predates the invasion.For those who prefer strolling then the medieval quarter called La Juderia, (The Jewry) is a labyrinth of winding streets, small squares and courtyards. In May there is a competition. The patios are decorated with flowers and opened to the public. One lucky household will be chosen for owning the ‘most beautiful courtyard’. It is in this area that you will find small bars, restaurants and cafes and innumerable shops. You will also find silver. For hundreds of years La Juderia housed the silver merchants and craftsmen who produced the jewellery for which Cordoba is famous.During the visit to Cordoba we first heard of a little known site at Medina Azahara. This is 8 kilometres west of Cordoba itself and it was here, in 1911, that an Ummayyad palace city was discovered. Totally independent of Cordoba this palace was built between 936 and 960 and was called Madinat Al Zahra. Only about 1/10th of the 1,500 metre x 750 metre site has been properly excavated. It appears to have been a self contained unit in as much as there was housing for the administrators, workers and servants who provided for the occupants of the palace itself and quarters for the military that protected them. The palace was a luxurious affair with large rooms, open courtyards and formal gardens deliberately built to be ostentatious to display the might of the Caliph. By 1030 AD the Madinat Al Zahra was in ruins following the downfall of the Omeya caliphate. The following couple of centuries saw the site pillaged for its stone and decorative features until it once again merged with the landscape and was forgotten until the early 20th Century. Apparently, in ancient texts, there are references to Cordoba la Vieja, (Old Cordoba), which are now thought to refer to Madinat Al Zahra.Cordoba is one those cities best explored on foot, parking can be difficult. It is impossible to see everything in one day. It can take the best part of a day to walk around the walls from the west gate to the south if you wander off into the gardens, and examine the bath houses, palatial buildings and towers that seem to spring up every few metres, stopping occasionally to take in the views across the river.
Nick Nutter is the editor of a successful magazine, Andalucia Life, in southern Spain. He writes articles about the places he visits. The web site [http://www.andalucia-life.com] is updated every month with new articles, days out, places to go, news from the Costa del Sol and more.For more exciting places to visit in Andalucia, Extremadura, Portugal and Morocco, visit http://www.andalucia-life.com/magazine/list.cfm?LeftNav=Places to Visit [http://www.andalucia-life.com/magazine/list.cfm?LeftNav=Places%20to%20Visit]
There is no other place in the world than at Cordoba where the diverse cultures of Islam, Judaism and Christianity exist so admirably. Cordoba is the ex-capital of Spain, since during the Moorish era.Majestic Structures Preserved
An Islamic MosqueAbd ar-Rahman II, an Islamic ruler at Cordoba, constructed the La Mezquita which was the alternative great mosque to Mecca. This spot was identified through the Holy Quran as well as an arm bone from the prophet Muhammed.
Everyone enjoys the free flow of white wine while dancing away to the music
This mosque has beautiful multiple columns with prayer niches of Byzantine style. Its uniqueness stems from the Christian cathedral inside the mosque which was built by Ferdinand III, a Catholic king. Thus, the Mosque holds a unique blend of religion, history, and art.A Jewish Synagogue
At the northern part of this Mosque is Juderia, which is an ancient Jewish section, holding strong as a world center for the Jewish culture during Spain’s middle Ages. The quarter retains its narrow streets and limestone houses which are painted white with quaint balconies above small shops. Existing is the Jewish synagogue on Judios street that was built in 1492. Its elaborate plaster work is a definite piece of Mudejar art.A Christian Cathedral
Cordoba is made further famous with another religious celebration; the Holy Week, around the Easter period where as many as 32 processions and 60 performances displaying the holy saints are for all to view and worship. Thousands of pilgrims flock to this site every year with Crosses of May, where crosses are shaped with flowers, adorning the public squares and homes of the locals.
Its uniqueness stems from the Christian cathedral inside the mosque which was built by Ferdinand III, a Catholic king
Cordoba FestivitiesGypsies come out aplenty with gaily colored costumes which are typical traditional Cordoba attire with men riding horses on the streets at the Nuestra Seora fair at month end. Everyone enjoys the free flow of white wine while dancing away to the music.Weather at CordobaTemperatures in Cordoba can reach 40 degrees Celsius in the summer months of July and August months; thus, it is advisable to be prepared with light clothing while staying out of the sun between noon and late afternoon. Drink as much water as you can to quench your thirst throughout the day, while carrying a bottle for your own convenience.
Existing is the Jewish synagogue on Judios street that was built in 1492
Availability of HotelsThere are plenty of Spanish-flavored hotels for your selection here at Cordoba. Some offer interesting views as they are located near historical sites, while others offer quiet and relaxation, away from the bustling town center.There is a wide range of accommodations that will suit your budget here which are built in various designs and styles with pools, ornate decorations, arches, and columns of historical influence. Orange trees can be found even at the hotel gardens. Some hotels have existed since the 16th century; being converted from ancient structures like palaces of that era, but are now fully equipped with modern amenities. You will surely enjoy your stay indoors or out.
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OverviewCordobais a city inSouthernSpain and is the capital of the Cordoba province. In ancient times this city was Iberian and Roman whereas in the Middle Ages this was an Islamic caliphate. At present it is a midsized modern city; however the old part of the town contains architectural reminders of theIslamic caliphate. The ancient city has been declared as a World Heritage Site.
The airport is only a few KM away from the convention centre and high speed train connects Cordaba to Madrid
If you walk around the historic quarter of Cordoba, you will be able to see the small streets, squares, alleys and whitewashed courtyards around theMosque-Cathedral. At the same time, this city has modern infrastructure and services. This city is well connected to other cities in Andalusia by high speed train, buses and taxis.ClimateThe climate in Cordoba is a Mediterranean climatewith influences of Atlantic coast. Winters here are mild and frosts are very rare. Summer is very hot – temperature can go as high as 40°C. Minimum temperature in summer is 27°C.
Winters here are mild and frosts are very rare
Annual rainfall can go as high as 500 mm.Art and CultureA large number of events – Flamenco festivals, ballet, concerts, etc. occur throughout the year in Cordoba in addition to having exciting nightlife and museums.The popular museums are – Bullfighting museum, Archaeological Museum, Regional Museum of Fine Arts, Diocesan Museum of Fine Arts, Courtyard Museum and Julio Romero de Torres Museum.Cordoba has art centers – Merced Palace and Palace of Viana.Sports and EntertainmentNature Reserves of Sierra de Hornachuelos and Sierras Subbéticas and Sierra de Cardeña and Montoro offer facilities of hiking routes and opportunity for climbing, mountain biking, potholing and paragliding.
At the same time, this city has modern infrastructure and services
Cordoba offers chances for hunting in the region of Sierra Morena. The Guadalquivir River and its tributaries and dams provide opportunities for fishing.You can play golf using the facilities at the Pozoblanco Golf Club and Cordoba Country Club.CulinaryVarious cuisines – Iberian cured meats, fish, cheese, etc. are offered by various bars and restaurants throughout the year.EntertainmentPeople in this city normally spend the eveningat the terraces, ice-cream parlorsor visit the best traditional inns and taverns. Cordoba becomes a party town late in the night with discotheques, pubs and fashionable nightspots. Cinema halls – Cines El Arcángel,Zoco Multicinesand Guadalquivir also provide entertainment. The parks – Sierra de, Hornachuelos Sierra and Sierras Subbéticas provide facilities for open air sports.Children will be able to enjoy the Botanical garden, Ethnobotanical Museum, Alcázar Gardens, Ribera Gardens, Fuente Redonda Educational Farm, Aquasierra, Zoo, etc. in Cordoba.ShoppingA number of small shops in the old quarter of Cordoba sell quality craft products – leather repoussé work and ornately carved silver as the souvenirs of the city.BusinessCordoba is an important business centre and has modern facilities for hosting national and international conventions, trade fairs and forums. The airport is only a few KM away from the convention centre and high speed train connects Cordaba to Madrid.San Carlos Trade Fair Centre and Congress and Exhibition Hall are two of the facilities that can be used for such conventions, seminars and exhibitions. Sufficient facilities are available for accommodating the Business visitors.
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Cordoba is an urban scenario in the south of Spain.It is the capital of the province of Cordoba in Andalusia.It represents one of the most popular destinations of Spain. Moreover, it lies on the river Guadalquivir.
Narrow streets with houses painted in white color are symbols of this city
Narrow streets with houses painted in white color are symbols of this city.The city has circa 300,000 inhabitants.Economy
Cordoba is a trading center for citrus fruits and olives, whose plantations are near the city.It also has well developed food, beer and textile industries. Local inhabitants sellvarious handicrafts, especially those made of leather and silver. They are very popular among the tourists.History
Cordoba became a prominent city in the Phoenician period.
Moreover, it lies on the river Guadalquivir
The town blossomed as a key Roman community in the first century BC.Later it was conquered first by the Visigoths in 572, then by Moors in 711.756 AD marked Cordoba as the capital city of Spain (at the time of Moors).And from then onwards the city became known for another 250 years for its wide business and scholarly options throughout the world.929 AD marked another landmark in the history of Cordoba, when the Caliphate of Cordoba was initiated; from then on the city experienced the peak of prosperity.In the 11th century, the caliphate fell, so material well-being of the city dropped.
But the remains of Moslem history are preserved in its name- Mezquita, which is in use even today
Furthermore, Seville became the capital.In 1236, it was occupied by Ferdinand III.He made many new churches since this piece of Spain received Roman Catholicism.Catedral de Nuestra Señora de la Asunción
Cathedral of Our Lady of the Assumption is a cathedral built from the eighth to the tenth century. First, the Moors built a mosque on the remains of a Roman -Visigoth temple, then after Spanish conquest it was changed into the cathedral. This huge building is very interesting since it combines Moslem architecture and Gothic style. Until 1236 it was a well known mosque. However, in 1236 the cathedral was raised in the middle of the mosque. But the remains of Moslem history are preserved in its name- Mezquita, which is in use even today.It lies on the banks of the river Guadalquivir. Therefore, it is a very attractive historical site for tourists.TheAlcázar de los Reyes Cristianos
The second big landmark of Cordoba is Alcazar. It is the former Moorish fortress which was built on the ruins of Visigoth buildings, and later used as headquarters of the Inquisition.The Moors made many baths, gardens and even a library. In 1236, it was rebuilt but in the Mudejar style. Therefore, the Alcazar kept its Islamic appearance.Historic Center of Cordoba is under UNESCO protection as a world cultural monument.
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Why Cordoba?Situated just off the tourist route between Sierra Morena, in the north, and the agricultural plains of Campina, in the south, there is something special about Cordoba. A myriad of souvenir shops surrounds Mezquita and if you enter the winding alleys you will be on the side streets that will lead you into the true Andalusian spirit. Having a population of only 300,000 people, Cordoba is a small city; it used to be the capital of Roman and Moorish Spain. The vestiges of these two cultures can still be seen in Cordoba.
A myriad of souvenir shops surrounds Mezquita and if you enter the winding alleys you will be on the side streets that will lead you into the true Andalusian spirit
Cordoba has to endure suffocating summer days; this is why tourists will find lots of shady patios, real paradises on earth where they can cool off and have a relaxing, quality time.The historyCordoba was built in 169 BC by the Romans, but it reached its peak in 756 when the Muslims took over the city. 756 is the year when Abd ar Rahman named Cordoba the capital of Moorish Spain. Until the year 929, when Abd ar Rahman the 3rd proclaimed himself caliph, Cordoba had been the envy of all of Europe. Almost a thousand mosques, six hundred public baths, public street lighting and a famous university were the pride of the city. The decilne started with the harsh rule of Al Mansur. Cordoba is now a city where you can easily find your way; however, the old Jewish district, juderia, is still a place where you can get lost. The city extends radially from the Guadalquivir River towards the maze of the juderia. The eastern district of the city is worth visiting because its simple houses have hosted many toreadors and flamenco artists over time.
756 is the year when Abd ar Rahman named Cordoba the capital of Moorish Spain
Having funAlthough the city is very hot in the summer, tourists can enjoy the wonderful patios where the locals organize long flamenco nights. The flamenco night is the perfect opportunity for tourists to penetrate the passionate tradition and culture of this wonderful country: Spain. If you are an art lover, visit all the districts, because they will provide nice surprises to your eye: special buildings, each having its distinct architectural characteristics, legacies of the two cultures that once occupied Cordoba: the Romans and the Moors. Last but not least, since you are there, choose a villa for accommodation.
Until the year 929, when Abd ar Rahman the 3rd proclaimed himself caliph, Cordoba had been the envy of all of Europe
Some of the owners offer food services, so you will have the opportunity to taste the traditional local dishes.
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Cordoba guitars are a quality guitar brand built in Spain using precision hand craftsmanship to create quality classical and flamenco guitars. While concert quality guitars can sell for more than ten thousand dollars, They offer superior tone and playability at a price that even a novice player can afford. The quality and fantastic attention to even the smallest details make Cordoba guitars among the best on the market.
Whether you are a traditional steel guitar player hoping to add a little variety to your instrumentals or a serious guitarist hoping to learn a new sound, Cordoba flamenco guitars are an ideal choice
The company was founded in 1997, but has quickly established a reputation as one of the most important companies in the music industry. Not only does Cordoba create classical and flamenco guitars, the company is also one of the best known marketers of Hawaiian style ukuleles. These guitars from Cordoba, Spain are well known to classical music lovers as well as professional instrumentalists. Since the origin of the classical guitar is firmly rooted in the renaissance era, Cordoba guitars capture the history of the instrument while incorporating the innovations the company is known for to create a truly unique instrument.When Cordoba guitars were first released, they were primarily popular in Spain and neighboring countries, but the company’s reputation soon made them famous among music lovers around the world. From the first guitars produced by Cordoba to the wide variety of styles available today, the company has been committed to producing high quality guitars made by skilled craftsman. Some of the well known craftsmen at Cordoba include Kenny Hill, Tim Miklauci, and Edmund Blechinger.For guitarists who play from the heart, Cordoba classical guitars are the ideal instruments, because the company designs them with the single goal of creating an instrument that is pleasing to both the player and the audience. That is one of the reasons that the company has priced their guitars so reasonably- even novice players can invest in Cordoba knowing that the instrument is sophisticated enough to grow with them.
Since the origin of the classical guitar is firmly rooted in the renaissance era, Cordoba guitars capture the history of the instrument while incorporating the innovations the company is known for to create a truly unique instrument
Cordoba guitars designed for flamenco players have a reputation that is as impressive – if not more so – than their classic guitars. Whether you are a traditional steel guitar player hoping to add a little variety to your instrumentals or a serious guitarist hoping to learn a new sound, Cordoba flamenco guitars are an ideal choice. Designed with all the flair you would expect from a traditional Spanish instrument, Cordoba flamenco guitars are among the best known in the world.The Cordoba region that gives the company its name is noted for its annual guitar festival which has been held for more than 30 years. The festival attracts players from throughout Europe and the world to enjoy guitar music and browse designs from the most famous guitar makers in the world. Cordoba guitars are the favorites of course, with fans from around the world flocking to the Cordoba displays to try out some of the legendary instruments.
Designed with all the flair you would expect from a traditional Spanish instrument, Cordoba flamenco guitars are among the best known in the world
Cordoba guitars are created using materials designed to last, such as rosewood, maple, ebony, and spruce. The guitars are also designed to be attractive- since so many Cordoba guitars are used in concert, the company designs them to be showpieces from the moment you open the carefully crafted cases. That’s why Cordoba guitars are among the most popular choices for every ability level, from student to expert.
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There are few Spanish-speaking places in the world where you can easily learn Spanish and enjoy the comfort of a cozy and lively city while at the same time fulfilling your thrill for adventure and nature. Placed at the very heart of Argentina, Cordoba is one of these few spots where everything any traveler who wants to learn Spanish is just at hand.Cordoba is an Argentina’s city filled with a Latin atmosphere and youthful life, colonial buildings and modern facilities, an endless variety of landscapes and highly recognized Spanish schools.
Being in Cordoba, you can be sure that you will make long-lasting friendships and you will learn Spanish in an environment that will make your learning experience an extraordinary one
If you come to learn Spanish in Cordoba, chances are you will meet great young people from all parts of the world, have a lot of fun, learn Spanish in an amusing atmosphere, and come across gorgeous landscapes.Being the second city in importance in Argentina, after Buenos Aires, Cordoba is all year-visited by students from all corners of Argentina and the world. Really, Cordoba’s soul lies on its students’ community and Cordobeses – natives of Cordoba — are always proud of letting them discover the wonders of their province. Cordoba’s province is easily reachable by bus. Once you get on the bus, you will soon see how the bustle of Cordoba city vanishes behind you, and the splendor of nature unfolds in front of your eyes. Apart from nature, you will soon notice that you can also learn Spanish in absolutely different natural contexts.Cordoba is like a wheel with several spokes, each one leading to absolutely different panoramas and, surely, entirely new adventures. No wonder why the coach station is usually packed with youngsters, backpackers, and foreigners who want to profit from a weekend getaway, or perhaps, just visit Cordoba’s hills in one day while they also expand their experiences with the Spanish language.You should picture all and each one of Cordoba’s tourist attractions as labyrinths that spread out into different and unexpected directions and adventures. Whether you just decide to embark on a relaxing trek, take a hike in the mountains, defy the difficulties of the dirt tracks in your mountain bike, scuba dive in the depths of Cordoba’s dams and rivers, there is no limitation to what your sense of adventure may long for.
In fact, from some years now, Cordoba has become a very important city in Argentina where to learn Spanish since its friendly atmosphere together with the good sense of humor of its people makes of Cordoba a city where foreigners can learn Spanish in a natural and easy way
Besides, you will surely come across locals with whom you will be able to put all your knowledge of Spanish into practice.Back to Cordoba’s capital, you will surely enjoy the fun and energy of the city life. Since Cordoba is one of the most important university cities in Argentina, plenty of youngsters from other Argentina’s provinces come to live here while they follow their course of studies, making of Cordoba one of the happiest and liveliest cities of Argentina.Many foreign students also follow this trend.
You can stroll along it streets and sidewalks and still bump into a friend or acquaintance
In fact, from some years now, Cordoba has become a very important city in Argentina where to learn Spanish since its friendly atmosphere together with the good sense of humor of its people makes of Cordoba a city where foreigners can learn Spanish in a natural and easy way.Whereas foreign students can stay with a host family and get a deep insight of Cordoba’s culture and customs, they can also share residences with other foreign and Argentina’s students. Whatever their choice, they will always have plenty opportunities to communicate in Spanish and enjoy Cordoba’s pulse both during day and night.Though housing a great number of inhabitants, Cordoba is far from being an impersonal city. You can stroll along it streets and sidewalks and still bump into a friend or acquaintance. Being in Cordoba, you can be sure that you will make long-lasting friendships and you will learn Spanish in an environment that will make your learning experience an extraordinary one.
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